Public transport resilience during and post pandemic crisis
Transport systems contribute to economy and society at many levels, since they promote economic growth and employment of people, providing a sustainable urban development. However, unlike other systems, transportation generates services which cannot be stored; for this reason, Covid-19 pandemic significantly affected transport sector. During the lockdown period, interventions to contain the spread of the virus lead to a drastic reduction of travels, in addition, the capacity of public transport means was restricted. Recently, the Italian government decreed new rules, imposing new limits on vehicle capacity and keeping social distance measures. These interventions heavily affect public transport service scheduling and the management of passengers’ movements in transit stops and stations. In order to make public transport system one of the backbones of economy and society, solutions towards an efficient and safe system, which can accommodate every mobility needs of individuals, should be defined. Therefore, it is important to analyze the changes of travel demand, after the variation of public transport offer. In particular, the aim of this research project is to study the resilience of public transport system, respect to the lockdown and the current periods. Resilience can be defined as the ability of a system to restore its original functionality after emergency events. According to this perspective, in this specific case, a public transport system is resilient if it can easily and quickly restore its normal operation, ensuring the continuity of passengers’ transfers. In this way, measures and guidelines to support local authorities and public transport operators will be provided, in order to properly address resources towards interventions which can guarantee an efficient management and an increasing resilience of the sector.